Lesson 11:
The Future Tense

The future tense

Regular verbs:

To form the conjugation of regular verbs in the future tense it’s necessary to add the endings to the infinitive verb. In the present tense, and in the past tense – the end changes, but in the future tense we only add the endings to the infinitive verbs. In the future tense we use the same endings for the three types of verb endings, and the irregular verbs also, as follows:

For verbs ending in -ar / -er / -ir:

ar er ir
Yo é é é
ás ás ás
usted/Él/ella á á á
Nosotros emos emos emos
Ellos/ellas án án án
Ustedes án án án
Trabajar (to work) Ver (to see) Subir (to go up)
Yo trabajaré veré subiré
trabajarás verás subirás
usted/Él/ella trabajará verá subirá
Nosotros trabajaremos veremos subiremos
Ellos/ellas trabajarán verán subirán
Ustedes trabajarán verán subirán


In English the future tense is expressed by means of the helping verb “will” or “shall”.


Estaré en la escuela mañana.
I will be in school tomorrow.

¿Cenarás conmigo esta noche?
Will you have dinner with me tonight?

All the endings have an accent mark, except in “nosotros” “-emos”.


Irregular Verbs

Same verbs form the future tense by adding the future personal endings -é, -ás, -á, -emos, -án to an irregular stem.

The following verbs drop the “e” of the infinitive ending before adding the endings of the future:

(to fit)
(to be)
(to be able to)
(to want)
(to know)
Yo cabré habré podré querré sabré
cabrás habrás podrás querrás sabrás
usted/Él/ella cabrá habrá podrá querrá sabrá
Nosotros cabremos habremos podremos querremos sabremos
Ellos/ellas cabrán habrán podrán querrán sabrán
Ustedes cabrán habrán podrán querrán sabrán

The following verbs replace the “e” or “i” of the infinitive ending with a “d” before adding the endings of the future:

(to put)
(to leave)
(to have)
(to value)
(to come)
Yo pondré saldré tendré valdré vendré
pondrás saldrás tendrás valdrás vendrás
usted/Él/ella pondrá saldrá tendrá valdrá vendrá
Nosotros pondremos saldremos tendremos valdremos vendremos
Ellos/ellas pondrán saldrán tendrá valdrán vendrán
Ustedes pondrán saldrán tendrá valdrán vendrán

The following verbs are irregular verbs, do not have a specific rule, and they must be memorized.

Decir (to say) Hacer (to do)
Yo diré haré
dirás harás
usted/Él/ella dirá hará
Nosotros diremos haremos
Ellos/ellas dirán harán
Ustedes dirán harán

Uses of the Future tense:

The future tense is used as follows:

Use 1 – To express future time.


¿A qué hora llegará el tren?
At what time will the train arrive?

La próxima semana iremos a la playa.
Next week we will go to the beach.

Use 2 – To express probability in the present tense.


¿Qué hora será?
What time is it?

Será la una.
It is probably one o’clock.

Use 3 – To express a doubt in the present.


¿Quién comerá tanto?
I wonder who will eat a lot?

¿Quién tocará a la puerta?
I wonder who will knock on the door?