Lesson 24:
El Voseo

El Voseo

The “vos” is used only in certain countries in Latin America, and is prominent in Spain, and it is used instead of “tú”, as a more familiar way of addressing a person.

Conjugation:

In present tense we use the following endings:

For the verbs that ending in -ar = -ás
For the verbs that ending in -er = -és
For the verbs that ending in -ir = -ís

Example:

Verb English Conjugation English
estudiar to study vos estudiás you study
cantar to sing vos cantás you sing
beber to drink vos bebés you drink
abrir to open vos abrís you open
escribir to write vos escribís you write

And in the same way with irregular verbs.

Verb English Conjugation English
hacer to do vos hacés you do
traer to bring vos traés you bring
venir to come vos venís you come

Except with the verbs ir and ser (to go / to be)

IR (to go) = vos vas (you go)

SER (to be) = vos sos (you are)

Stem-changing verbs don’t change in the conjugation of “vos”.

Example:

Verb English Conjugation English
almorzar to have lunch vos almorzás you have lunch
dormir to sleep vos dormís you sleep
pensar to think vos pensás you think
repetir to repeat vos repetís you repeat
Example:

Vos querés comprar algo que no necesitás.
You want to buy something you do not need.

Yo creo que vos querés que ella te dé siempre todo.
I think you want her to always give you everything.

Vos siempre venís temprano.
You always come early.

¿Por qué tuviste vos que interrumpir mi conversación?
Why did you have to interrupt my conversation?

¿Almorzaste vos con ella ayer?
You had lunch with her yesterday?

Pronouns that are used with “vos”:

Example:

Personal pronoun = vos
Vos pensás algo muy importante ahora.
You think something important now.

Direct object pronoun = te
Yo te invité también a vos.
I also invited you.

Indirect object pronoun = te
Ella te dio el dinero a vos.
She gave you the money.

With preposition = vos
Él no quiso salir con vos.
He would not go out with you.

Reflective pronoun = te
Vos te acostás muy temprano.
You go to bed very early.

Possessive pronoun = tu / tuyo
Este es tu libro – El libro es tuyo.
This is your book – that book is yours.

In the following tenses, “vos” has the same conjugation of the form “tú” – there is no difference.

Tense You form   Vos form
pretérit tú tuviste = vos tuviste
imperfect tú estabas = vos estabas
future tú sabrás = vos sabrás
conditional tú dirías = vos dirías
perfect present tú has amado = vos has amado

Example:

Vos fuiste a Guatemala el año pasado.
You went to Guatemala last year.

¿Cuándo sabrás vos, qué fue lo que pasó?
When will you know what happened?

Vos estabas allí cuando fue el accidente, ¿verdad?
You were there when the accident happened, right?

Vos ya habías comido en este restaurante con tu hermana.
You’ve already eaten at this restaurant with your sister.