Lesson 4:
Idiomatic Future Tense / Reflexive Verbs

Idiomatic Future Tense / Reflexive Verbs

Idiomatic future tense expresses actions that occur in the future that are probable and inevitable.

In English is: to be going to

 

Example:

Tomorrow I’m going to visit my family.
She is going to take a long trip.
You are going to study Spanish for a few months.

In Spanish you conjugate it as follows:

Personal pronoun  +  ir conjugated in present tense  +  a  +  infinitive verb.

 

Example:

Mañana yo voy a visitar a mi familia.
Ella va a hacer un viaje largo.
Tú vas a estudiar español por algunos meses.
More examples:

Vamos a trabajar el próximo fin de semana.
We are going to work next weekend.

Los estudiantes van a tener un examen el próximo lunes.
The students will have an exam next Monday.

Los chicos van a ir a la playa el próximo sábado.
The guys will go to the beach next Saturday.

Los maestros van a protestar en el Parque.
The teachers will strike in the park.

Reflexive Verbs

A verb is reflexive when the subject and the object are the same. It means that the person who is doing the action, is receiving it too.

I shave myself.
subject: I
verb: shave
object: myself

Since the subject and object are the same, the verb is reflexive.

I shave my cat.
subject: I
verb: shave
object: my cat

Since the subject and object are different, the verb is not reflexive.

When a verb is reflexive, the infinitive ends in “se”.

Afeitar = to shave (non-reflexive)
Afeitarse = to shave oneself (reflexive)

When you learn to conjugate regular verbs, you also need to learn a set of pronouns called “personal pronouns”.

Afeitar (to shave)
Yo afeito
afeitas
usted/Él/ella afeita
Nosotros afeitamos
Ellos/ellas afeitan
Ustedes afeitan

To learn to conjugate reflexive verbs, you need to learn a different set of pronouns called “reflexive pronouns”. These pronouns are positioned before the verb, while the ending “se” is dropped and the verb is conjugated normally.

The reflexive pronouns for each personal pronoun are:

Yo me
te
usted/Él/ella se
Nosotros nos
Ellos/ellas se
Ustedes se

The correct conjugation of reflexive verbs are:

Yo me afeito
te afeitas
usted/Él/ella se afeita
Nosotros nos afeitamos
Ellos/ellas se afeitan
Ustedes se afeitan

List of reflexive verbs:

aburrirse to get bored derretirse (e-i) to melt
acercarse to approach derretirse por (e-i) to fall madly in love
acordarse de (o-ue) to remember despedirse de (e-i) to say goodbye
acostarse (o-ue) to go to bed despertarse (e-ie) to wake up
acostumbrarse a to be in the habit, to get accustomed detenerse to stop
afeitarse to shave disfrazarse to dress up, to disguise
ahogarse to drown, to choke divertirse (e-ie) to enjoy oneself
apresurarse to hurry up dormirse (o-ue) to fall asleep
aprovecharse de to take advantage of echarse to spill on oneself
arrepentirse de (e-ie) to regret, to be sorry ejercitarse to exercise
asegurarse de to secure, to make sure enamorarse de to fall in love with
asustarse/espantarse to be frightened encargarse de to be in charge with/of, to take care
atreverse a to dare encontrarse con (o-ue) to meet
avergonzarse de (o-ue) to be embarrassed enojarse/enfadarse con to get angry with
bañarse/ducharse to take a shower equivocarse to be mistaken, to be wrong
burlarse de to make fun of esforzarse (o-ue) to exert oneself
callarse to be silent, to keep quiet ganarse la vida to make a living
cansarse de to wear out, to get tired hacerse/convertirse
en (e-ie)
to become
casarse con to marry, to get married imaginarse to imagine
cepillarse to brush irse/marcharse to leave, to go away
chocarse to crash lavarse to wash oneself
comportarse/portarse to behave levantarse to get up
concentrarse to concentrate llamarse to be named, to be called
confundirse to mistake maquillarse/pintarse to put on makeup
cuidarse to take care of oneself molestarse to get mad
dedicarse a to devote oneself to negarse a (e-ie) to refuse to